Stable Selection

Hospital house owners face ongoing challenges in updating their amenities. There’s strain to remain aggressive by providing bigger and extra versatile surgical suites and therapy areas, streamlined emergency departments, extra single-patient rooms, and improved an infection management. With the present COVID-19 pandemic, it’s extra vital than ever for hospitals to carry their communities the newest healthcare advances whereas being agile sufficient to reply to unanticipated emergencies.

Lots of the 6,200 hospitals within the U.S. are housed in ageing buildings that must be modernized to handle greatest practices, improve service strains, and enhance vitality effectivity, stories the American Hospital Affiliation.

Confronted with an present constructing with limitations, management might imagine {that a} new facility will remedy all of its issues. That could be true, however a phased renovation and enlargement can present the identical options whereas spreading the price over time, making this strategy simpler to include into fiscal budgets.

The large choice

Constructing a alternative hospital means discovering and buying accessible land in a fascinating location for building whereas occupying and working the prevailing facility. In dense city areas, it may be difficult to search out area applicable for a brand new hospital. Moreover, the plan will want the approval of varied state and federal regulatory entities. That is true whether or not constructing a brand new hospital or renovating an present one, however the regulatory hurdles are normally easier with a renovation/modernization of an present facility.

Hospital modernization—which might contain a complete constructing or only a part or system—permits a facility to maximise present property by enhancing performance, vitality efficiency, and aesthetics. It’s additionally extra sustainable and usually extra inexpensive to renovate present buildings and campuses.

The choice to modernize the prevailing facility or construct new typically hinges on what the consumer’s drivers are, and on the circumstances particular to that facility. Additionally, each consumer is completely different, so you need to cater your response to fulfill their expectations. For instance, an present facility may need “good bones” or a superstructure that’s sound and complies with present allowable building varieties for a hospital, however the facility has dated MEP+FP techniques, inadequate care fashions, and even outdated supplies. If the consumer doesn’t want to extend capability to fulfill rising volumes, updating the ability by bringing the techniques, care fashions, and aesthetics as much as present requirements could be the very best answer.

If the consumer is reacting to rising volumes and must broaden past the capability of its present web site, whether or not restricted by present constructing stock, accessible land, or zoning restrictions, then a brand new constructing might higher go well with their wants. One other issue is {that a} hospital system trying to enhance capability to fulfill venture volumes should file a authorized request for a “Certificates of Want,” which is commonly met with fierce opposition from opponents. It may be a formidable course of and, relying on a hospital system’s confidence in acquiring the CON, the consumer might decide to improve or modernize an present facility to extend the extent of care.

Assessing present circumstances

If a phased renovation is chosen, the subsequent step is a scientific and thorough documentation of present constructions by your entire design group. This course of will present a deeper understanding of how a company makes use of its present buildings, determine how the ability can function throughout building, and take into account what’s wanted to help future care wants.

A techniques evaluation of the prevailing facility entails an in-depth evaluation of mechanical, electrical, plumbing, hearth safety, and vitality effectivity from the engineers. For instance, does the central utility plant want an improve to help the renovation? Moreover, hospitals eat giant quantities of vitality, and plenty of older constructions are much less environment friendly and don’t meet present energy-efficiency requirements, which might drive the necessity for extra energy-efficient approaches.

Through the discovery section in the beginning of the venture, it’s important for the venture group to bodily go into the constructing to doc the area. Even throughout COVID-19, when visitations are restricted, this course of will be possible by limiting workers; visiting throughout off-hours, nights, and weekends to cut back disruptions; and utilizing security protocols, reminiscent of sporting private protecting gear. Expertise may also support this course of. For instance, utilizing 360-degree image-capture know-how, the venture group can take a whole picture of the ability that may be referenced at any time all through the venture, lowering the necessity for added facility visits and the period of time the venture group spends within the constructing.

The complete design group, together with MEP engineers, architects, laboratory and medical planners, and inside and graphic designers, ought to be concerned in constructing documentation and evaluation to grasp the constructing’s present workings in addition to evaluate notes, level out points, and determine areas of concern. Present supplies are additionally evaluated to find out what’s outdated and wishes alternative. For tasks involving a building supervisor (CM) constructor or CM in danger, it’s additionally advantageous to carry that member on board in the course of the discovery course of to offer perception into constructability points.

It’s additionally essential to grasp how the present constructing works throughout the context of the campus and surrounding areas, reminiscent of parking constructions and emergency division accessibility. Enter from the group, which will be gathered by on-line surveys and brainstorming classes, supplies large worth and perception to help this evaluation and might help residents perceive the advantages of the choices chosen.

One other essential step is conducting a grasp plan train with the consumer to stipulate present and projected affected person volumes and providers whereas contemplating the newest evidence-based analysis on affected person care, security protocols, know-how, sustainability, and infrastructure. Right here, it may be useful to do a comparative evaluation with a couple of of 1’s friends. For instance, a world-class most cancers institute would take into account different world-class medical amenities, whereas a group hospital would consider different hospitals within the area that meet certificates of want. The method analyzes what the consumer has as we speak, in contrast with its targets and business greatest practices. Years later, leaders can come again to this report back to ask in the event that they’re attaining these targets, offering a information for the place they wish to be and the best way to know once they get there.

Case examine: Kids’s Hospital New Orleans

Kids’s Hospital New Orleans is present process a 400,000-square-foot enlargement and renovation inside a 600,000-square-foot mixed inpatient and outpatient facility. The multiphased modernization venture, which is underneath building and anticipated to be accomplished by fall, will take roughly seven years, from grasp planning to completion, incorporating 34 distinct phases. Throughout modernization, the hospital will stay totally operational with no interruptions to day-to-day operations.

EYP Structure & Engineering was introduced on board in 2015 and labored intently with the hospital’s administration group—and in collaboration with the group, clinicians, and CM in danger—to judge the prevailing constructions and develop a radical understanding of hospital operations and aspirations. Early consideration was to construct a wholly new constructing. A fundamental conceptual massing examine and visualization renderings have been performed to permit everybody to get an thought of what the brand new constructing would appear like, in addition to a value estimate based mostly on sq. footage and the professionals and cons of constructing new towards the consumer’s wants. In the end, this course of confirmed that by modernization the consumer may get practically every part it wished at about half the price of constructing new.

Transferring ahead, the group determined to make use of a phased-approach to maintain some present buildings to protect historic significance whereas including new constructions to modernize and harmonize your entire campus. EYP developed the graphic instruments to stroll hospital administration and contractors by every of the 34 phases and outlined a plan to maintain the hospital working whereas renovations passed off. One of many first steps was to free area on and across the web site to make room for the renovation work and gear. To this finish, a brand new parking deck was constructed throughout from the hospital to maneuver most vehicles off-site. Additionally, workers places of work on the medical aspect of the campus have been consolidated into historic constructions on the landmark web site, releasing up area internally. Moreover, the lab was moved to create room for a brand new most important foyer. After the brand new enlargement was constructed, the ICU and a few of the eating have been moved into the brand new tower whereas renovations to present areas for brand new providers started.

All through the development course of, the group was cautious about what was being shut down to make sure the hospital remained totally operational. EYP up to date the phasing plan each week with an eye fixed on consumer expertise and adjusted the schedule in mild of rising adjustments, reminiscent of price financial savings, operational efficiencies, program adjustments, and unexpected circumstances reminiscent of climate occasions that would have resulted in delays. There have been additionally situations the place the pandemic delayed supply of kit, and even labor, as a result of nobody may come onto the location, creating the necessity to revise the timeline to permit sure areas to hurry up and others to be prolonged.

Shared imaginative and prescient

The vital selections that hospital house owners ponder—the best way to keep aggressive, keep compliance with up to date rules, and rise to present requirements of care and security—can all be met by modernizing an present hospital. Nonetheless, making the choice to pursue a renovation rather than constructing new requires a powerful partnership between the design professionals and contractor, and a deep understanding of the constructing and the consumer. All group members should be on board with the plan and work collaboratively to handle points that inevitably floor to attain a shared imaginative and prescient for a brand new venture.


David A. Deis, AIA, LEED AP, is managing principal and senior venture director at EYP Architecture & Engineering (Atlanta). He will be reached at








Matthew Chalifoux, FAIA, is senior historic preservation architect and senior principal at EYP Structure & Engineering (Washington, D.C.). He will be reached at

Add Comment

Click here to post a comment